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Desk Tennis Query about sorts and hues of rubbers





This query about differing types and hues of rubbers was submitted by
Val from Colchester, UK

My query is concerning the distinction between sorts and hues of desk tennis rubbers.

I organise a desk tennis group the place we meet each fortnight and play on 3 tables in a village corridor.

Though starting from novices to fairly good, we’re all pretty confused concerning the distinction between sorts and hues of rubbers used – is one facet a spin facet, one facet for
backhand/forehand?

Please advise.

(I had my bat made for me by a league participant utilizing rolls of rubber!)

Thanks for any assist.




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—– Martin’s Reply —–

Val, thanks on your query.

Red and black table tennis rubbers
Crimson and black desk tennis rubbers

The color of the rubber is solely to tell apart one facet of the racket from the opposite.

Since 1986, the Laws of Table Tennis (generally known as the foundations of desk tennis) state that one facet should be vibrant pink and the opposite facet should be black.

However why is that needed?

Let me clarify…



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A really temporary historical past of racket coverings (rubbers)

Hardbat Table Tennis
Racket with quick pimpled rubber

Slightly than going into an excessive amount of element, I am going to maintain this easy…

When desk tennis (as we all know it at the moment) started within the Twenties, the preferred racket overlaying comprised quick pimpled rubber with no sponge beneath it.

The sort of racket is usually known as a “hardbat” and was utilized by virtually everybody who performed desk tennis.

NB. The official Laws of Table Tennis consult with a racket, fairly than a paddle or a bat.

You may learn my articles concerning the history of the racket and the history of table tennis right here.

 

However as the sport developed, and specifically from the Nineteen Fifties onwards, new sponge backed rubbers grew to become well-liked … and the game of desk tennis modified ceaselessly.

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Tons of of various kinds of racket coverings (rubbers)



For the reason that Sixties, a whole bunch of various sorts and forms of desk tennis rubbers have been produced (and this development continues at the moment).

Each rubber is designed to enhance a specific fashion of play, so we are able to categorise every rubber into one among 4 generic sorts.

These 4 generic sorts / classes / types of play are…

  1. attacking / offensive
  2. defensive
  3. allround
  4. disruptive
  1. Rubbers that are appropriate for an attacking / offensive fashion of play usually have a clean outer floor and a thick sponge beneath.
    (These rubbers will assist you to to impart most topspin and sidespin)
  2. Rubbers that are appropriate for a defensive fashion of play usually have a clean or pimpled outer floor and a thinner sponge beneath.
    (These rubbers will assist you to to counteract topspin and offer you good management)
  3. Rubbers that are appropriate for an allround fashion of play usually have a clean outer floor and a medium thickness sponge beneath.
    (These rubbers will provide you with most management)
  4. Rubbers that are appropriate for a disruptive fashion of play usually have a pimpled outer floor and a thinner sponge beneath.
    (These rubbers will assist you to produce unorthodox spin)



The foundations assist you to use no matter kind of rubber you need on either side of your racket.

You may have the identical kind of rubber on each side or use a special kind on either side.

 

You may learn my article about how to choose your racket and rubbers right here.

 

Nonetheless, as I discussed at the beginning, one facet of the racket should be vibrant pink and the opposite facet of the racket should be black.

This color requirement was launched in 1986 due to what occurred within the late Seventies and early Nineteen Eighties.

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Gaining a bonus



Historically, gamers used the identical kind of rubber on each side of their racket, and due to this fact their opponent did not must know which facet of the racket was getting used – as a result of the spin imparted on the ball was constant whichever facet was used.

Nonetheless, within the late Seventies and early Nineteen Eighties, gamers realised that they might achieve a bonus in the event that they used differing types of rubber on either side of their racket, however stored them each the identical color.

They’d then “twiddle” their racket throughout the rally.

This made it very troublesome for his or her opponent to know which rubber was getting used for every stroke, and due to this fact what kind of spin was being imparting onto the ball.

This is an illustration of “twiddling” the racket by the ex-England Worldwide participant Carl Prean

This is an illustration of “twiddling” the racket by the ex-England Worldwide participant Carl Prean

 



This growth within the recreation prompted the Worldwide Desk Tennis Federation (ITTF) to vary the foundations.

So, ever since 1986 the foundations have said that one facet of the racket should be vibrant pink and the opposite facet should be black.

This transformation meant that your opponent would have the ability to clearly distinguish which facet of the racket you had been utilizing for every shot.

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Varieties and hues of rubbers



Gamers can select no matter kind of rubber they need on either side of their racket, however one facet should be pink and the opposite facet should be black (see replace under).

Virtually all desk tennis rubbers are presently obtainable in each pink and black, however pre-1986 rubbers had been additionally obtainable in yellow, inexperienced, blue, purple and plenty of different colors too.

 

You additionally should be conscious that, for those who’re taking part in in an organised occasion, there could also be a further rule that you’re going to must adjust to.

If the occasion is utilizing the Worldwide Laws regarding racket coverings, you may solely use rubbers that are on the ITTF authorised list of racket coverings (rubbers).

While these Laws are necessary for Worldwide occasions, they can be utilized for ANY organised occasion too.

 

Some ready-made rackets can be found which aren’t pink/black, so these usually are not authorized to be used in authorised desk tennis occasions.

However bear in mind, for those who’re solely taking part in for enjoyable with associates, you may make up your individual guidelines and use no matter racket you need.

The draw back of creating up your individual guidelines is that you just most likely cannot progress past your individual circle of associates with out stepping into disputes about which guidelines to make use of.

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New guidelines on color of rubbers

On the ITTF Annual Normal Assembly in Could 2019, a brand new rule was agreed which says that with impact from 2021, extra vibrant colors shall be allowed.

One facet of the racket will nonetheless must be black, however the different facet could also be a vibrant color clearly distinguishable from black and from the color of the ball.

New colours coming in 2021 for rubbers
New colors coming in 2021 for rubbers

Additional particulars shall be obtainable nearer the time after detailed color specs have been agreed.

UPDATE – DECEMBER 2020

The ITTF Board of Administrators have now agreed the brand new colors for options to BRIGHT RED.

Vibrant inexperienced, vibrant blue, vibrant violet, vibrant purple/pink will now be allowed along with vibrant pink.

The opposite facet of the racket MUST nonetheless be black, however these extra 4 vibrant colors can now be used as a substitute of vibrant pink.

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MORE PAGES ABOUT
THE RULES OF TABLE TENNIS
For extra details about the foundations of desk tennis, check out my different articles which clarify the Official
Legal guidelines of Desk Tennis and the extra Laws (for larger degree play) in additional element…

The Legal guidelines of Desk Tennis

  • The fundamental guidelines of desk tennis
    In case you’re simply beginning to play and that you must know the basic rules of table tennis,
    you may discover them right here…
  • The official guidelines of desk tennis
    The official guidelines of desk tennis are generally known as
    The Laws of Table Tennis
    so if that you must test the official wording, you may learn them right here…
  • Desk tennis desk dimensions
    What dimension is a desk tennis desk? Are you aware what the official guidelines say concerning the
    size dimensions of a table tennis table?
  • What do the foundations say about your racket?
    Are you aware what the rules say about your racket?
    What dimension can it’s? Which colors are allowed? When can you modify your racket? Discover out right here…
  • What do the foundations say concerning the serve?
    The desk tennis serve is likely one of the most controversial facets of the sport. Ensure you know the
    service rules. Learn them right here…
  • Ceaselessly requested questions concerning the serve
    The service guidelines are very advanced, so let’s reply a number of the most
    frequently asked questions. Learn them right here…
  • What is an effective return?
    What do the foundations say about a good return?
    Can you employ your hand to play a shot? What occurs for those who contact or transfer the desk? Discover out right here…
  • When is the ball in or out?
    What do the desk tennis guidelines say concerning the ball hitting the
    white lines, net or edges of the table?
    Is the ball in or out? Discover out right here…
  • What do the foundations say about taking part in doubles?
    Whether or not you are taking part in singles or doubles, the foundations of desk tennis are basically the identical.
    Nonetheless, for doubles play
    there are just a few delicate variations. Learn them right here…
  • What do the foundations say about volleying the ball?
    Do the desk tennis guidelines assist you to volley the ball?
    No and Sure… Let me clarify
  • Expedite system
    How long can a game of table tennis last?
    If each gamers maintain the ball in play, can they proceed taking part in ceaselessly? What do the foundations say about this? Discover out right here…

Laws (for larger degree play)

  • Desk tennis room dimension
    What
    table tennis room size do you want?
    It is most likely greater than you assume! Discover out right here…
  • Racket testing
    In 2008 the ITTF launched new guidelines and rules regarding racket (paddles/bats) testing, and
    VOC-free glue. You may learn them right here…
  • Are gamers allowed to take breaks throughout matches?
    What closing dates are specified within the rules? What occurs if a participant is
    time-wasting? Discover out right here…
  • Yellow Playing cards and Crimson Playing cards
    Yellow and red cards are a current addition to desk tennis.
    However what do they imply? Discover out right here…

Normal

  • Desk tennis terminology
    Are you aware your table tennis terminology
    or are you confused by your chops, pimples and twiddles? This is a desk tennis glossary for you…

Ceaselessly Requested Questions

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